Sperm Problems

The main sign of male infertility is his inability to conceive a child. Researches have conclusively proved that the main reasons for such inability are Sperm Problems that include low sperm count, difficulty in ejaculation or ejection of a lesser amount of fluid while in intercourse. It results in developing a situation where female vagina does not get the sperm amount that fulfills the requirement for conceiving. Experts have dictated issues like inherited disorder, hormonal imbalances or dilated veins as main causes for such a situation.


The main causes for infertility in male include

  • Swelling called Varicocele
  • Infection interfering production of sperm
  • Issues in ejaculation
  • Presence of antibodies that invades sperms
  • Tumors
  • Hormone imbalance
  • Defects in chromosome
  • Factors that impose issues in sexual intercourse

The latest report submitted by the World Health Organization shows that around 40 to 50 percent of world demography are sexually infertile. The various causes for infertility affect around 7 percent of men.



The main sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive a child. However, continuous investigation over the issue has identified several other reasons that include:

  • Problems in sexual functioning that involve difficulty with ejaculation. Small volumes of fluid thus ejaculated is also included
  • Reduced sexual desire due to the inability to maintain the erection
  • Pain or swelling in the testicle area
  • Incessant infection in the respiratory organ
  • Abnormal growth of breast
  • Sperm problems including lower sperm count that makes conceiving an impossibility




  • Sperm disorder: caused due to non-directional movement or production in a smaller amount
  • Varicoclees: These are swollen veins and the normal rate of presence is 16 out of 100. These might cause flow back of blood into scrofum, leading to low sperm count.
  • Retrograde Ejaculation: This happens when semen goes back into the body. This occurs when nerves and muscles in bladder do not close during orgasm,
  • Obstruction:Sperms are blocked sometimes that is caused due to repeated infections, surgery, and swelling or development of other defects. Male reproductive parts are blocked leading to the departure of sperms.



Diagnosis Options

The tests carried out to check the fertility in a person includes the following:

  • General physical examination: An expert physician tests the body condition of the patient and asks about any chronic health issues, illnesses, and presence of an inherited condition, injuries, and surgeries. These are factors are thought to augment the diagnosis process.
  • Semen analysis: Since sperm problem is thought to be the main reason for such infertility, such sexual determination would definitely be followed by an analysis of semen. The patient is asked to submit a sample of ejaculation obtained through masturbation into a container. It is then sent to the lab for testing the sperm count. Any discrepancy would then be found out

Low sperm count treatment

The fertilization of ova is carried out through the adoption of IVF techniques. The Intra-cytoplasmic Sperm Injection has also proved its utility regarding this. Using the male partner’s semen is recommended for cases where severe male factor infertility is to be treated/ The system has clinically enabled successful achievement of pregnancy. The semen undergoes testicular biopsy where the most fertile spermatozoa are selected which is used to fertilize the oocytes.


Male infertility treatment (no sperm)

This is medically termed Azoospermia. The treatment is entirely dependent on the types and cause.

The procedure includes:

  • Consult with a urologist who has advanced knowledge about testicular sperm aspiration. It will help to treat low sperm count production.
  • While the issue is more hormonal, the doctor will suggest medications that will help to cure hormonal imbalance and promote sperm production.




  1. What is Vitro Fertilization

Ans.: IVF involves some advanced level of treatment for a case where men have abnormally low sperm counts. The application of the latest technology helps in generating chances of parenting in couples who were dipped in despair a few days ago.


  1. How much cost is involved in IVF treatment?

Ans.: The training makes involvement of superior technicians in the system. The advanced and sophisticated treatment and use of delicate machines make the system a bit expensive.


  1. Can stress cause infertility?

Ans.: With better understanding of the disease, stress also has been diagnosed as one of chief reasons for infertility. This is due to its ability to produce negative impact over sperm and egg production.


  1. Can infertility treatment be made available in insurance policies?

Ans.: There are few plans that cover insurance over the issues of infertility. Not every policy covers the treatment.


  1. Is genetic testing obligatory to detect infertility?

Ans.: This testing of PGT involves use of technique where cells are taken from an embryo or egg to test the genetic makeup of the cells. The testing helps the physician determine the treatment required to make up the recession and make it sufficiently filled.