Ovarian cysts

The fluid filled sac-like structure in the ovary is known as ovarian cysts. During ovulation in women, when eggs are releasing ovarian cysts are formed. It may form in both inside & outside ovary. They are harmless and don’t show any ovarian cysts symptoms.
 
The ovarian cyst is one of the most common gynecological issues that many women face very often. Not all ovarian cysts are harmful and troublesome in nature. Yet some of them like Corpus luteal cysts, chocolate cysts, Haemorrhagic cysts, large size simple cysts, and postmenopausal cysts may cause pain in abdomen, irregular menses and bleeding per vagina. They need immediate medical interventions. If you have ovarian cyst symptoms you should not panic but you should visit a medical practitioner for advice and guidance. The professional and experienced guidance of a physician helps in proper management of ovarian cyst symptoms. The professional and devoted guide of a physician can offer you a speedy recovery from ovarian cyst symptoms. Urvaraa IVF has eminent and expert physicians to treat ovarian cyst symptoms. We have reputed and pathfinder doctors to offer you the best treatment for ovarian cysts. With assistance from the best specialist for ovarian cysts, we can provide you the ultimate treatment for ovarian cysts in Kolkata.
 
Causes of ovarian cyst and types

  • There are different ovarian cysts and they have different symptoms most occurred cysts are called functional cysts they are not cancerous, benign.
  • Other cysts are follicle cysts and corpus luteum cysts.
  • Follicle cysts are formed when follicles do not break open and release the egg so it forms a cyst known as follicle cyst. The cyst is benign and goes away in two to three months.
  • Corpus luteum cyst formed when the sac of follicles does not shrinks, fluid builds up and turns into a cyst. It goes away in a few weeks. They are quite bigger in size maybe 4 inches. It causes pain and bleeding
  • Most of the ovarian cysts are benign. Endometriomas cysts grow when the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome means several cysts in the ovary, which causes obstacles to conceive. They also don’t show any specific symptoms.
  • Cancerous ovarian cysts are very rare.
  • Ovarian cysts size chart is required to know the size of the cyst to understand the depth of the problem, surgery is required before ovarian cysts burst.

Ovarian cyst symptoms
 
Ovarian cyst symptoms are many.

  • Bloating in the abdomen and swelling
  • During or before menstrual cycle pelvic pain.
  • During intercourse suffer from strong pain.
  • Tenderness in breast
  • Paint in the thigh and in the lower back.
  • High fever
  • Restlessness and dizziness.
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Rapid breathing
  • Severe pelvic pain.

Diagnosis before the surgery
 
Before the surgery, the patient has to undergo certain tastes.

  • Medicines required for pre-surgery treatment.
  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • CT scan
  • Ultrasound
  • Urine test

Ovarian cyst treatment
 
Doctors usually want to treat the patient in a way so they can shrink the ovarian cyst size and so it does not grow larger, also can get ovarian cyst pain relief to avoid pain in the near future. Ovarian cyst removal is the procedure to remove the cyst from the ovary after surgery. The doctors restrict water drinking and eating before 8 hours of surgery.

  • Laparoscopy is the method to remove cyst surgically. When the cyst is smaller and doctors want to remove it to rule out that it cancerous, they go for ovarian cyst surgery. A small incision near naval and then doctors insert a small instrument to remove the cyst.
  • The doctors prescribe contraceptive or birth control pills to stop ovulation so that recurrent of cysts do not occur. The pills also use as preventive to ovarian cancer. Generally, ovarian cancer occurs in older age.
  • Laparotomy is generally used to have a close look in the abdomen so that if the cyst is cancerous can be removed successfully. If the cyst is cancerous then ovaries are also removed through this procedure, to remove cancerous cells. Laparotomy is preferred in critical abdominal surgeries.
  • Ovarian surgery takes place after the ovarian cyst size increases in diameter. It also causes pain, because the cyst becomes solid in spite of containing fluid.

 

FAQs
 

  1. What is an ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cysts are sacs in the ovary filled with fluids. They don’t show any symptoms. Once detected patient must see the doctor and do tests to monitor the cyst at regular interval of time. Though cysts are usually harmless.  They are formed during ovulation when egg releases in each month.

 

  1. How do you know if the ovarian cyst is cancerous?

Some conducting certain tests like MRI, city scan and also ultrasound, doctors can say whether the cyst is malignant or benign. If they found any chances that the tumor is malignant, the patient has to undergo certain blood tests like CA-125, a tumor marker, and biopsy.
 

  1. What size of the ovarian cyst is dangerous?

All the tumors are not harmful which are smaller in size. During ovulation, these cysts occur, irrespective of age. When some cysts cause pelvic pain or pain in the abdomen and also bleeding. The size increases by 5 cm in diameter, it is suggested to remove it immediately.
 

  1. What are the early signs of ovarian cancer?
  • Stomach upset
  • Back pain and pelvic pain
  • Always feeling full even if your stomach is empty.
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Always feel tired and exhausted.
  • Weight loss
  • Constipation
  • Painful intercourse
  • Menstrual changes
  1. How do ovarian cysts affect pregnancy?

During pregnancy ovarian cysts very commonly occurs. Mostly the cysts are benign and not harmful. But somehow there may be chances it becomes malignant. It may rapture or cause problems during childbirth. The patient should be in constant monitoring while she is pregnant.

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