Menopause

Menopause is the stage when menstruation stops for 12 consecutive months and your chance for pregnancy stops after menopause. Menopause age starts from the ages of 45 to 55. Sometimes it may stop earlier as well. Stage of Menopause is the new phase of women. Here the menstrual cycle permanently closes because ovarian oocytes from aging, ovaries lowers its function. Menopause symbolizes the end of fertility at the age of 51 to 52. A number of causes for attaining menopause and it shows several symptoms. Estrogen level lowers after menopause chances to grow any fibroids in the uterus decreases.

Menopause causes

  • Menopause is the end of fertility. A woman cannot bear the child after menopause.
  • The average age of menopause is 45 to 52. In the United Nation, it is 51.
  • When 12 months there is no menstrual cycle, it means the woman has attained menopause.
  • After 35 years estrogen and progesterone secretion lesser in the ovaries than the 25 years girl. These are the hormones which regulate menstruation. It is lesser the fertility chances. it is the natural weakening of the reproductive organs.
  • Chemotherapy or radiation can induce menopause as the therapy burns all surrounding organs and infertility may occur and menopause attains forcefully. In certain cases the menstruation cycle may not stop, depends on the type of chemotherapy.
  • Hysterectomy removes the uterus, but ovaries are not removed, so ovulation does take place but no more periods. But when both uterus and ovaries are removed, it causes menopause. And your menstruation cycle may stop completely. It causes several side effects as the menopause is not natural
  • A few women attain menopause even before the age of 40. Which is not at all as per the gynecologist? Ovaries stop producing normal levels of hormones. Doctors can handle these causes with hormone therapy to protect their bone and other organs like heart and brain.

Menopause symptoms

It reduces the functions of the ovaries due to depletion of ovarian follicles. As we have discussed lowers the level of estrogen. Menopause signs are:

  • Hot flushes and sweats at night.
  • Vagina becomes dry
  • Fertility level decreases
  • Nightmares and sleeping are interrupted.
  • Mood swing
  • Problems in urination.
  • The cardio disease may occur.
  • Osteoporosis means bone density decreases. Chances of fracture in spine, hips, and joints especially susceptible in case of postmenopausal women.
  • Weight gain
  • Reduces desire to any kind sexual activity, due to dryness in the vagina is one of the main menopause problems.

 

Menopause Treatment

There is no medical treatment to treat menopause. Only preventive measures can be taken to reduce the signs and symptoms of menopause.

  • According to specialist doctors, Menopause Pregnancy is possible. In Premenopausal stage, women can get pregnant naturally and in post menopause stage they can get pregnant only by hormone therapy and IVF therapy.
  • Hormone therapy to increase the estrogen level in the ovary.
  • The vagina becomes dry after menopause, women can induce estrogen hormone directly in the uterus by using a tablet, cream, and ring.
  • After menopause a few women get depressed and need psycho counseling and antidepressant tablets, that may control their mood swing and hot flushes.
  • Take medicines to treat osteoporosis. You might take vitamin D supplements to strengthen your bone.

FAQS frequently asked questions.

  1. What is menopause?

Menopause is attained by women between the age of 45 to 52. When menstruation cycle stops and ovaries stop ovulation, hat symbolizes that menopause happens, a new phase of life starts for women. They experience vaginal dryness, hot flashes and sleeping disorder. Sometimes women suffer from depression after menopause.

  1. What are the 34 symptoms of menopause?

34 symptoms of menopause and some of them are:

  1. Hot flashes
  2. Vaginal dryness
  3. Irregular or complete full stop to the menstruation cycle.
  4. Night sweats
  5. Loss of memories
  6. Not interested in sexual activities
  7. Mood disorder
  8. Panic attack
  9. Urine infection
  10. Bloating
  11. Obesity
  12. Baldness or thinning of hair
  13. Restlessness
  14. Sleeping disorder
  15. Metallic taste in the mouth due to lower estrogen level.
  16. Migraine which is very painful and causes of depression

 

  1. What is the average age for menopause?

The average age for menopause is between 45 to 52 years. If surgically ovaries and uterus are removed earlier, they may attain menopause at an earlier age as well.

  1. What are the side effects of menopause?

The lower energy level and always have a feeling of being stressed. Weight gain, mood disorder, and osteoporosis are the major side effects of menopause. Inevitably ovaries will close after menopause it causes depression in many people.

  1. Why a lady put on weight after menopause?

Muscle mass becomes less and fat increases, due to genetic and hormonal changes. The weight gain is another factor happens for hormones, especially around the abdomen, thigh, and hips.

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