The benign tumors made of smooth muscle cells are known as fibroids. During childbearing uterine fibroids develop, which is a noncancerous growth. Over 70% of women are having fibroids in their uterus, a few develop symptoms and requires treatment. Otherwise most of the time, it remains unnoticed, as it never turned into a fatal disease like cancer, the fibroids don’t have that capacity to do that. Size of the fibroids varies, sometimes it as small as a pea and sometimes like a watermelon. If the fibroids show no symptoms, then also opt for observation rather treatment.
Fibroids are benign tumours in the uterus and are generally not cancerous in nature. They usually don’t cause any issue if they are smaller in size. But if they are larger in size, then it can lead to a few problems like heavy menstrual bleeding, pain in abdomen, urinary problems. Fibroids may lead to fertility issues and difficulty in conceiving. These kinds of fibroid should never be neglected and they require early and proper medical interventions. If fibroid symptoms occur, a visit to an eminent fibroid specialist can be the most suitable option. Urvaraa IVF is your one stop destination if you need the best fibroid specialist in Kolkata as we offer the best management for fibroids in Kolkata. So, if you have symptoms of fibroid, visit Urvaraa IVF as soon as possible to avail the most effective and fruitful outcome.


Causes of fibroid

  • Studies explain that fibroid occurs because of some genetic component, though the exact cause of uterine fibroids is really not known.
  • Fibroids are always benign they are never cancerous. In the uterus’s wall and in the muscle layers fibroids grow.
  • As we are discussing, causes are not clear for the growth of fibroids. It is related to the estrogen hormone level.
  • The estrogen and progesterone level is higher when you are ready to bear a child.
  • Birth control pills that swelling of the fibroids starts during pregnancy when the estrogen level is higher.
  • Fibroids after Menopause lowers the estrogen level leads to shrinking the tumor.
  • Genetic factors are responsible for the growth of fibroids. If one of your close relatives is having fibroids, may increase the chances of developing fibroids in you.
  • Obesity and overweight may be another reason to increase fibroids.
  • Once you bear a child, that is fibroid pregnancy lowers the risk of fibroid
  • No particular food from outside can cause fibroids, as per the research is done.


Types of fibroids
There are different types of fibroids

  • Intramural fibroid

 Fibroids develop between the muscles of the uterus. The size of the fibroid varies from peas to larger than grapes. This fibroid can stretch this womb if the fibroid grows larger.

  • Subserosal fibroids

Serosa is formed an outer wall of the uterus. One side of the womb gets larger enough, as the fibroid enlarges its size from one side.

  • Submucosal fibroid

The fibroids tumor forms in myometrium mean in the middle of the muscle layer. These are not a very common type of tumors.

  • Pedunculated fibroids

The extended stem portion of the fibroid tumor is known as pedunculated fibroids.


Symptoms of fibroids
Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumors also depends on how many numbers of tumors are grown. Fibroids after menopause shrink and don’t show any symptoms. The fibroid grown is related to the estrogen progesterone hormones. Some symptoms are:

  • Blood clot and heavy bleeding during menstruation.
  • Pain in the back and pelvis.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Abdomen enlargement and swelling.
  • Cramp while having menstruation
  • Always feeling full in the abdomen
  • Prolonged period


Treatment of fibroid

  • Scan for fibroids is the first stage to treat fibroid, to know the growth of the tumor. To locate the tumor patient has to undergo certain tests like MRI, Ultrasound.
  • Medications
  • Fibroid surgery
  • Yoga
  • Acupuncture


FAQs or frequently asked questions on fibroids

  1. Is fibroid tumors are cancerous?

A fibroid tumor is always benign it is never cancerous. It is rarest of the rare that fibroid turns into cancer, known as leiomyosarcoma. According to doctors, this type of cancer does not arise from an existing fibroid. So the conclusion is fibroids are 99% non-cancerous.

  1. What are the chances that the fibroids will rapture?

Fibroids in the uterus is a very common occurrence. They may affect menstruation cycle causing huge bleeding and pain and also other complications may arise. It is rare that a uterine fibroid will rapture, but it happens, immediate surgical attention is required and also they need a blood transfusion due to internal hemorrhage.

  1. Do fibroids go away of their own?

After menopause when the release of estrogen lowers, and the fibroids started shrinking.  The fibroids are gradually disappeared of their own. If it persists may disturb make things complicated. The person will have excess bleeding and pain in pelvis causing anemia, to be shrinking and fatal.

  1. What causes uterine fibroids to grow?

They are under hormonal changes. The causes of their growth are not properly known. The two hormones estrogen and progesterone are the key factors for the growth and shrinkage of fibroids.

  1. What food multiplies the chances to fibroid growth?

Fibroid diets that aggravate fibroid growth are taking fiber rich food, dairy product, green tea, and potassium. Eating organic products may reduce the chances of fibroid growth.