Endometriosis means, when tissues which line inside the uterus, during the menstrual cycle it causes pelvic pain when the growth occurs outside the uterus. Fallopian tube, ovaries & pelvis tissue lining all are involved in endometriosis. It never spreads beyond the pelvic organ. One or two percent cases where it goes beyond the pelvis organ. The tissues displaced when it thickens, breakdown in each menstrual cycle cannot find exit way so they are trapped. Ovaries endometriosis formed cysts called endometriomas. It breaks down and bleeds, and eventually, scar tissues and adhesion develop. This results in pelvic tissues and organs stuck together. During the menstrual, cycle, endometriosis causes pain that may again create problem infertility and ovulation.


Endometriosis is an agonizing gynaecological problem for women and it requires early medical intervention. Delay in treatment may lead to Menstrual problems, Infertility and may even affect Quality of life by affecting our routine activities. Appropriate and early medical advice should be taken if you suffer from this severe ailment. Ample care and caution should be initialized from the early stage to prevent the disease from being deeply rooted. Only an eminent and renowned healthcare care platform having sound expertise with thorough knowledge about endometriosis can guide and assist you in early management and recovery from this fatal disease. We are an ICMR approved health care platform to provide you with exclusive and matchless gynaecological services to cure endometriosis. We always provide the best treatment for endometriosis and we have the best endometriosis specialist in Kolkata. If you are looking for the best doctor for endometriosis in Kolkata, Urvaraa IVF clinic is the best platform you are seeking for. We take ample pride in providing the best treatment for endometriosis in Kolkata. Visit Urvaraa IVF once for the best and appropriate management for endometriosis. We always serve all our clients with due care and dedication. Contact us soon. We will be pleased to serve you satisfactorily.
Causes of Endometriosis
Specific causes which result in endometriosis are not known. Some following reasons may be the cause to raise endometriosis in women. It also occurs on the membrane lining of the pelvic cavity.

  • Retrograde menstruation: during menstruation womb lining known endometrium flows backward enters the abdomen through the fallopian tube. In the pelvis, this tissue implants an organ, and growth develop. This deposition on the organs is endometriosis. It happens when you are having periods.
  • Commonly occurs those who are suffering from infertility.
  • Endometriosis cysts rarely involve vagina, cervix, and bladder.
  • Endometriosis again a genetic content. It is believed and decided after research that it is passed to the next generation through the gene.
  • Circulatory or lymphatic spread means, endometriosis travels through the blood and can be found in brains or eyes or any other organ.
  • Though the theory is not yet been proven, certain environmental causes may also be the reason for the growth of endometriosis. The toxins in the environment affect body immunity, causing the formation of growth.
  • Metaplasia can explain how endometriosis cells are rapidly forming inside the human body in the lungs, brain, eyes, and skin. The development takes place in a natural process.

Endometriosis symptoms
The most important endometriosis symptom is severe pain on periods, cramping in menstrual cycle extends beyond control. Different endometriosis stages are mild and can also be severe.

  • Excess bleeding during menstruation, which may last several days.
  • Periods become extremely painful. Abdominal and pelvis pain along with pain for the menstruation cycle.
  • While having sex, you may have painful intercourse. That may disturb your conjugal life and also pain instead of pleasure.
  • Pain with bowel movement and pain during urination.
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Infertility
  • Can cause ovarian cancer

Endometriosis treatment
To start the treatment, first, the patient has to undergo an endometriosis test, requires detecting the actual problem. Tests are:

  • Pelvic exam
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI to take picture of endometriosis
  • Laparoscopy

Finally, the treatment begins, which includes medication and surgery.

  • Medication to relieve pain. To ease the cramps on the menstrual cycle, ibuprofen, nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs, and naproxen are prescribed.
  • The doctors may also suggest hormone therapy if you are not pregnant.
  • Surgery to remove ovaries and uterus is the most effective way to treat endometriosis.
  • To retain fertility sometimes procedures are adopted by the doctors and they suggest laparoscopic surgery.

FAQS or frequently asked questions.

  1. What is endometriosis?

Regardless of social background, around 200 million women are affected by endometriosis. Endometriosis affects the tissue that should anatomically present in the lining of the uterus, forms at any other inside part of the body. during the menstruation cycle. That causes severe pain during periods, nausea and vomiting as well. It may be found on the fallopian tube and the ovary.

  1. What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

After laparoscopic surgery, the endometriosis can be diagnosed. Many doctors like gynecologist can diagnose endometriosis by seeing the symptoms in the females and they start medications.  They talk to the women and they note the history of symptoms and start medicines based on that. Everyone does not want to go for surgery; they prefer to get cured on medication.

  1. Can endometriosis be the reason for infertility?

When the fallopian tubes are scarred due to endometriosis,  that may cause infertility by stopping the movement of the egg and sperm through the tube. The most important conclusion is that endometriosis blocks the fallopian.  Excess bleeding during periods and pain in the pelvis. However, endometriosis does not always cause infertility.

  1. Does endometriosis need surgery?

Hysterectomy does severe endometriosis treatment. They can use laparoscopy to operate as well as diagnose endometriosis. If you have a child, then surgeons remove the cervix, uterus, and ovaries to treat upon endometriosis. After this, surgery, you will no longer be able to conceive and will never get pregnant.

  1. Is stage 4 endometriosis considered being serious?

Stage 4 endometriosis is very severe, where it implants deeply on the ovaries and pelvic linings. It blocks fallopian tubes and causes a problem in the bowels. Severe pain on periods. Here the scarring is visible on all the other organs.  Shrinkage of the lesion takes place after surgery and strong medications.