Early Pregnancy Complications

Early pregnancy and the first trimester are worrying times for the parents, especially if they have been waiting a long time for a child. Some women may experience health issues during pregnancy. These complications may affect either mother or fetus or both. Even women who were healthy before pregnancy may be affected by these complications. Most miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies happen in the early weeks of pregnancy. These complications can make it a high risk of pregnancy. Regular and early prenatal care can prevent these complications by providing treatments before it becomes serious.

 
Early pregnancy complications are unacceptable and strenuous situations for pregnant women that should be dealt with ample care and precautions. The management of early pregnancy complications like ectopic pregnancy or probable miscarriage is very crucial. Hence, early detection, intervention and constant monitoring are required for the proper management of early pregnancy complications. Not all organizations can offer you proper facilities to save you from impending loss or damage. Only an institution having ample infrastructure and sound efficacy can deal with such titanic issues with the assistance of celebrated and proficient doctors. To avail the best care for early pregnancy complications in Kolkata, Urvaraa IVF can be your smart choice. Here, you will get the pioneering treatment for early pregnancy complications in Kolkata. Our celebrated and proficient specialist will provide you the best treatment and guidance with ample care.
 
Early pregnancy complications:

 

  1. Bleeding or pain:

Bleeding in early pregnancy is common, but it doesn’t mean always that you have a problem. However, according to the nature of bleeding, we can suspect a problem. Heavy bleeding during pregnancy may indicate the probability of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.

 

Causes of bleeding in early pregnancy

  • Implantation bleeding: It is due to the implantation of the fertilized egg in the uterus.
  • Bleeding from the cervix: This is a common sign.
  • Miscarriage
  • Ectopic pregnancy: It happens due to the implantation of the fertilized ovum takes place outside the uterus.
  • Molar pregnancy: It is a rare condition, where there is an abnormal development of the placenta.
  1. Miscarriage

Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestational age.

 

Common causes of miscarriage:

  • Chromosomal problems

During fertilization, the chromosomes may be subjected to mutation. Then the genetic abnormality in the chromosomal level prevent the embryo from its growth and causes miscarriage.

  • Hormone imbalance

Insufficient level of progesterone prevents the fertilized egg from implantation.

  • Uterine problems

Uterine fibroids interfere in implantation and blood supply to the embryo. There may be septum or scar tissues which can cause miscarriage.

  • Chronic illness

Autoimmune disorders, lupus, kidney diseases, and heart diseases can result in spontaneous abortion.

 

    Symptoms of miscarriage:

 

           -Bleeding per vagina

           -Cramping pain in low back and abdomen

           -White pink mucus

           -Passing tissue or clot like material.

           -Vaginal discharge

 

Types of miscarriage:

  • Threatened miscarriage
  • Inevitable miscarriage
  • Complete miscarriage
  • Missed miscarriage
  • Recurrent miscarriage
  1. Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is the condition in which the fertilized egg is implanted in fallopian tubes or anywhere in the abdomen other than the uterus.

 

Causes of ectopic pregnancy:

 

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Scarring from previous pelvic surgeries
  • History of ectopic pregnancy
  • Infertility treatments such as IVF

 

 Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy

–    Light vaginal bleeding and pain

–    Nausea and vomiting with pain

–    Sharp abdominal cramps

–    Pain on one side of the body

 

   Treatment:

             Medications and surgery can be done for ectopic pregnancy.

 

  1. Hydatidiform mole

Hydatidiform mole or molar pregnancy is the abnormal growth of trophoblasts, the cells that normally form the placenta. There is a complete and partial molar pregnancy.

 

Causes of molar pregnancy:

  • Abnormally fertilized egg
  • Chromosomes from the mother’s egg are lost and chromosomes in the sperm are duplicated.

         

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy:

 

–    Dark brown to bright red vaginal bleeding

–    Severe nausea and vomiting

–    Vaginal passage of grape-like cyst

–    Rapid uterine growth

–    Overactive thyroid

–    Anemia

–    High blood pressure

 

FAQs:

 

  1. What are the first signs of miscarriage in early pregnancy?

The main sign of miscarriage is spotting and vaginal bleeding which can vary from slight brownish discharge to heavy bleeding. Severe abdominal pain and dizziness are other symptoms of miscarriage in early pregnancy.

 

  1. What to do if there is bleeding in early pregnancy?

Spotting is a common sign in the first trimester. In some cases bleeding also there without any harm to the pregnancy. If the bleeding is heavy, then call your doctor immediately. He will do ultrasound, physical examination, and some blood work. If it is the sign of abortion, then curettage should be done for evacuation.

 

  1. What are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy at 5 weeks?

Morning sickness, lightheadedness, frequent urination, abdominal cramps, vaginal bleeding, fatigue, breast changes, food cravings, and aversion are the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy at 5 weeks. This may lead to pregnancy loss.

 

  1. What happens if a molar pregnancy is not treated?

There will not be the formation of fetal tissue. Even if the fetal tissue is formed, it will not survive. It is usually miscarried early in the pregnancy. The hydatidiform mole may have serious complications like carcinoma.

 

  1. What are the diseases that can cause early pregnancy complication?

Bacterial vaginosis, chickenpox, chikungunya, parvovirus, cytomegalovirus, etc. can cause complications in early pregnancy. This may result in the loss of pregnancy.

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